Are you confused about the difference between Section 508 and WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines)? Don’t worry, you’re not alone. Many people think these terms are interchangeable, but they’re actually different. Section 508 is a United States federal law, while WCAG is a set of globally recognized guidelines. In this article, we will dive into the details and untangle the world of Section 508 and WCAG. So let’s get started and clear up any confusion!
Section 508 is a law that requires federal agencies and those receiving federal funds to ensure that people with disabilities can access their digital information and communications. It was added to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 in 1986 to address the difficulties people with disabilities faced in accessing digital information due to rapid technological advancements. Initially, Section 508 had issues with enforcement and clear guidelines, but in 1998, Congress updated the law to hold federal agencies accountable and require accessibility for people with disabilities. In 2017, the U.S. Access Board refreshed Section 508 again, introducing enhanced guidelines that went into effect in 2018 and encompassed various technologies and methods of accessing digital information.
WCAG, or Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, is a set of guidelines that help make websites, apps, and other electronic information accessible to people with varying abilities. The internet was in its infancy in the mid-90s, and a group called the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) formed through the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to address the exclusion of people with disabilities from this new platform. WAI published the first set of WCAG in 1999 to provide a formal set of globally recognized guidelines for creating accessible digital information. WCAG has been through three iterations: 1.0, 2.0, and 2.1, with WCAG 2.2 expected to be released this year. W3C has also published a working draft of WCAG 3.0.
The confusion between Section 508 and WCAG arises because some people think of them as interchangeable terms. However, they are different because Section 508 is a law, while WCAG is a set of guidelines. Section 508 incorporates WCAG as the federal standard for website and app accessibility. When Section 508 was refreshed in 2018, it adopted WCAG 2.0 AA as the standard for website, electronic document, and software accessibility. This means that federal agencies and organizations receiving federal funding must follow WCAG guidelines because they are part of the law.
Section 508 is important because it ensures access to digital information for people with disabilities. By requiring federal agencies and organizations receiving federal funds to make their digital information and communications accessible, Section 508 promotes equality and inclusivity for people with disabilities. It also holds these entities accountable for accessibility and provides legal requirements and consequences for non-compliance.
WCAG is important because it provides guidelines for making websites, apps, and other electronic information accessible to people with disabilities. By following WCAG guidelines, developers and creators can ensure that their digital content can be accessed and used by individuals with varying abilities. WCAG’s global recognition and widespread adoption make it a valuable resource for promoting accessibility and inclusivity on the internet.
There are several key differences between Section 508 and WCAG. Firstly, Section 508 has legal status as a federal law, while WCAG is a set of guidelines. Secondly, Section 508 has a narrower scope of application as it specifically applies to federal agencies and organizations receiving federal funds, whereas WCAG applies more broadly to all websites and apps. Another difference is in enforcement and accountability, as Section 508 has explicit consequences for non-compliance, while WCAG relies on voluntary adoption and potential legal action. Lastly, WCAG undergoes continuous improvement and updates, with new versions being released periodically, while Section 508 has been refreshed and updated a few times over the years.
Despite their differences, Section 508 and WCAG share some important similarities. Both have a focus on digital accessibility and aim to ensure that websites, apps, and other digital content can be accessed by people with disabilities. They both provide guidelines for creating accessible digital content and offer benefits for people with disabilities by promoting inclusivity and equal access to information.
Federal agencies and organizations receiving federal funds are required to comply with Section 508 and follow WCAG guidelines. This compliance has implications for their websites and digital communication, as they need to ensure that their digital content is accessible to people with disabilities. Meeting the guidelines and standards set forth by Section 508 and WCAG is crucial for these entities to fulfill their legal obligations and provide equal access to digital information.
Although private companies are not legally required to follow Section 508, they are still subject to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). WCAG compliance becomes relevant to private companies because the court system relies on WCAG standards in digitally-based lawsuits related to website and app accessibility. Recent court rulings, such as the Winn-Dixie and Domino’s Pizza lawsuits, demonstrate the importance of WCAG compliance for private companies to avoid legal consequences.
Both Section 508 and WCAG are expected to undergo updates and revisions in the future to keep up with technological advancements and better address accessibility needs. WCAG 2.2 is anticipated to be released this year, following the previous versions of WCAG. Additionally, W3C has published a working draft of WCAG 3.0, which is being developed to further improve accessibility guidelines on the internet. These updates and revisions will continue to shape the landscape of digital accessibility and promote inclusivity for people with disabilities.